完成 " S " 開頭單字及例句(下)


start    啟程 ; 開始
        [Ex]  1. I have a fever and a sore throat. Oh,No! When did it start?
        [補充]  1. Do you know how to start the motor?
                           你會啟動馬達嗎?
                     2. When did you start to learn English?
                              你何時開始學英語的?
                     3. It started to rain at nine o'clock.
                                九時起開始下雨。
                     4. He started for London this morning.
                            他今晨動身前往倫敦。
                     5. We'll start at six on Friday morning.
                            我們星期五早上六點出發。
                     6. Summer vacation normally starts in early July.
                              暑假一般在七月初開始。

 

stay   停留 ; 保持
        [Ex]  1. Stay calm and don't panic when unexpected things happen to you.
        [補充]  1. He stayed with a friend while he was in Paris.
                                 他在巴黎時住在一位朋友家裡。
                     2. I hope the weather will stay fine.
                               我希望天氣能持續放晴。
        [片語補充]    <  stay on  >  繼續停留
                               1. We'll stay on in the village till the autumn harvest is over.
                                            我們將留在村裡,秋收後再走。

 

steal    偷竊
        [Ex]  1. What's the trouble ? I had my wallet stolen.
        [補充]  1. He steals, but he never kills.
                         他行竊但絕不殺人。
                     2. A pickpocket stole her watch.
                                扒手偷了她的表。
                     3. I think someone has stolen my jacket.
                             我認為有人偷了我的夾克。

 

step    舉步 ; 踏入
        [Ex]  1. Does this bus go to Taipei Station? Yes, it does. Step in, please.
                 2. When her mother died, she had to step into her shoes to run the shop.
        [補充]  1. Please step this way.
                              請這邊走。
                     2. She stepped into the room and sat down in a sofa.
                                 她走進屋子在沙發上坐下。
                     3. He has never stepped foot in this city.
                                 他從未踏足這城市。

 

stop    停止 ; 阻止
        [Ex]  1. Stop him before he runs away.
                 2. The train stopped with a jolt.
        [補充]  1. It has stopped raining.
                               雨停了。
                     2. The policemen stopped the fight.
                            警察制止了這場鬥毆。
                     3. The heavy snow stopped him from coming to our party.
                              那場大雪使他未能前來參加我們的宴會。
                     4. The train does not stop at this station.
                             火車不在此站停靠。
                     5. Stop for a while and take a rest.
                            停一會兒休息休息。
                     6. My watch has stopped.
                               我的錶停了。

 

strike    打擊 ; 罷工
        [Ex]  1. These matches wouldn't strike.
        [補充]  1. He was struck by lightning.
                          他被閃電擊中。
                     2. She struck him with a stick.
                           她用棍子打他。
                     3. The girl struck a match to light a cigarette.
                            那女孩劃火柴點燃一根煙。
                     4. His knee struck against the chair.
                             他的膝蓋撞到了椅子上。
                     5. The enemy struck at dawn.
                           敵人於拂曉時發起進攻。
                     6. The coal miners struck for better safety conditions.
                              煤礦工人罷工要求改善安全狀況。

 

strive    努力
        [Ex]  1. He strives vigorously to win contests.
        [補充]  1. This is the goal we are striving toward.
                              這是我們奮鬥的目標。
                     2. Today women are striving to occupy positions
                                    previously closed to them.
                          現今婦女正在努力爭取以往不對她們
                                         開放的職位。
                     3. I strove to understand.
                             我努力去了解。

 

struggle    奮鬥 ; 掙扎
        [Ex]  1. The doctor struggled to save his patient's life.
                 2. I got the prize without a struggle.
        [補充]  1. They struggled for peace.
                          他們為和平而戰。
                     2. The old man has been struggling with illness.
                            這位老人一直在與病魔鬥爭。
                     3. She struggled to keep back the tears.
                                     她努力忍住淚水。
                     4. The baby struggled in its mother's arms.
                              嬰兒在母親懷抱中掙扎。

 

study    學習 ; 研究
        [Ex]  1. Try to study hard, dear.  I know , Mom.
        [補充]  1. For a year he studied Chinese with me.
                         他跟我學了一年中文。
                     2. We need time to study a suitable answer.
                           我們需要時間去考慮一個適當的答覆。
                     3. They studied the question carefully before
                                          they made the decision.
                           他們認真研究了這一問題,然後才作出決定。
                      4. My daughter often studies late into the night.
                                   我女兒常常讀書到深夜。

 

succeed    成功 ; 繼承(+to)
        [Ex]  1. He succeeded in the examination.
                 2. He succeeded to his father's business.
        [補充]  1. He succeeded in getting the job.
                           他謀得了那份工作。
                     2. Our plan has succeeded.
                           我們的計劃成功了。
                     3. The millionaire's eldest son will succeed to his estate.
                             這百萬富翁的長子將繼承他的產業。
        [片語補充]    <  succeed in  >  成功;順利完成
                                1. They succeeded in solving the problem.
                                        他們成功地解決了這個問題。

 

suffer    受苦 ; 折磨 ; 忍受
        [Ex]  1. He suffered from rheumatism.
        [補充]  1.He suffered many humiliations before he became a football star.
                             他在成為足球名將前受過許多屈辱。
                     2. He suffered from poverty all his life.
                                 他一生受貧窮之苦。
                     3. My father suffers from high blood pressure.
                                 我父親有高血壓。
                     4. They suffered a great deal in those days.
                              那時他們吃了不少苦。
                     5. I cannot suffer such rudeness.
                            我不能容忍這種粗魯的舉止。
        [片語補充]    < suffer from  >
                                   因(疾病)而痛或不舒服;因...而更糟;受...之苦
                                1. She often suffers from headaches.
                                           她常常頭痛。

 

suggest    建議
        [Ex]  1. Can you suggest how we should resolve this prlblem ?
        [補充]  1. I suggest our going to the park on Sunday.
                               我建議我們星期天去公園。
                     2. The dentist suggested that she (should) come another day.
                                牙醫建議她改天再來。

 

suit    適合 ; 相配 ; 訴訟
        [Ex]  1. Your hairstyle doesn't suit you.
                 2. He filed a law suit against the company.
        [補充]  1. Would Friday morning suit you?
                          星期五早上對你合適嗎?
                     2. The arrangement suited us both.
                           這個安排對我們兩人都合適。
                     3. This dress suits you beautifully.
                             這件衣服你穿非常合適。
                     4. Red does not suit her complexion.
                            紅色衣服跟她的膚色不配。
                     5. The position suits with his abilities.
                             這個職位與他的能力相稱。
                     6. He will bring a suit against his boss.
                              他要對老板提出控告。

 

supply    供應
        [Ex]  1. Cows supply milk and hens provide eggs.
                 2. The market price dropped sharply because of excess supply.
        [補充]  1.The lake supplies the town with water.
                         (=The lake supplies water for [to] the town.)
                        此湖供水給這個城鎮。
                     2. Our farm supplies the market with fruits and vegetables.
                                 我們的農場為市場提供水果和蔬菜。
                     3. We supply power to the three nearby towns.
                          我們對附近的三個城鎮提供電力。

 

suppose    猜想 ; 假定
        [Ex]  1. Do you think he will get the job ? I suggose he will.
        [補充]  1. I suppose he is still in town.
                       我想他還在城裡。
                     2. I suppose that it's going to rain.
                           我猜想快要下雨了。
                     3. The ancients supposed the world to be flat.
                            古人相信地球是平的。

 

surprise    驚訝
        [Ex]  1. We were all surprised to hear the news from her.
        [補充]  1. I was surprised to find that she did not like his tie.
                         我訝異地發現她不喜歡他的領帶。
                     2. I was surprised to learn that he was taking drugs.
                                 聽說他在吸毒,我很吃驚。
                     3. The news surprised us all.
                            這消息使我們大家都吃了一驚。

 

swear    發誓
        [Ex]  1. I don't know anything about it , I swear.
                 2. Mary swears that she had nothing to do with it.
        [補充]  1. They refused to swear on a Bible.
                       他們拒絕手按《聖經》發誓。
                     2. I can swear to its authenticity.
                          我敢斷言它是真貨。
                     3. She swore to tell the truth.
                          (=She swore that she would tell the truth.)
                             她發誓要說實話。

 

swim    游泳
        [Ex]  1. Can you swim ? No, I can't / Yes, I can.
                 2. How deep is the swimming pool ? it's two meters deep.
        [補充]  1. He can swim two miles.
                           他能游兩英里。
                     2. She tried to swim the English Channel.
                           她試圖橫渡英吉利海峽。

 

swing    擺動 ; 甩
        [Ex]  1. Don't swing your arms too hard when you walk.
        [補充]  1. He sat on the table swinging his legs.
                             他坐在台上擺動兩腿。
                     2. He swings his arms as he walks.
                            他走路時擺動手臂。
                     3. The lamp swung in the breeze.
                             燈在微風中搖盪。

 

suspect    懷疑
        [Ex]  1. He was suspected of stealing the ICs from the warehouse.
        [補充]  1. We suspected their honesty.
                          我們不相信他們是誠實的。
                     2. The police suspected that Bill did it.
                              警察懷疑那件事是比爾幹的。
                     3. I suspect a connection between the two phenomena.
                             我揣測這兩個現象間有相互的關係。

 

 

 

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