完成 " R " 開頭單字及例句(下)


reply    答覆
        [Ex]  1. You are asked to reply to all emails the same day.
                 2. I am still waiting for a reply to my proposal.
        [補充]  1. She replied that she was happy to accept our invitation.
                                她答覆說她很高興接受我們的邀請。
                     2. I did not know what to reply.
                          我不知道怎麼回答好。
                     3. They did not reply to our new proposal.
                           他們對我們的新建議沒有作出答覆。
                     4. He has not yet replied to my question.
                             他還沒有回答我的問題。

 

report    報告 ; 報導
        [Ex]  1. Report to me as soon as you have further news.
                 2. We are now perparing the company's annual report.
        [補充]  1. He reported having seen her there.
                           他報稱在那裡見過她。
                     2. They reported the movements of the enemy troops
                                   to the headquarters.
                            他們向司令部報告了敵軍的動向。
                     3. Two passengers were reported (to be) seriously injured.
                                據報導有兩位旅客受重傷。
                     4. He was reported to have made an important discovery.
                                據報導他有重要發現。

 

request    請求
        [Ex]  1. May I request your attention , please ?
                 2. They turned down his request for a bank loan.
        [補充]  1. She requested that I (should) leave at once.
                          (=She requested me to leave at once.)
                        她要求我立刻離去。
                     2. I requested him to come before ten.
                            我要求他十點以前來。
                     3. Visitors are requested not to touch the exhibits.
                             參觀者被要求不要觸摸展示品。
        [額外補充]    < turn down >
                                His proposal was turned down.
                                    他的提議被拒絕了。

 

require    要求 ; 需要
        [Ex]  1. This complicated machine requires an expert to operate it.
                 2. We are required by law to pay income tax at the end of the year.
        [補充]  1. The roof requires repairing.
                             屋頂需要修理了。
                     2. This project will require less money.
                           這項工程所需的投資較少。
                     3. A singular subject requires a singular verb.
                              單數主詞必須用單數動詞。

 

respect    敬重 ; 方面
        [Ex]  1. He is a respected person of great talent.
                 2. It's much too big. Too big ? In what respect ?
        [補充]  1. We respect him as a great musician.
                             我們尊敬他為偉大的音樂家。
                     2. The matter respects our welfare.
                              此事有關我們幸福。
                     3. The two plans differ in one major respect.
                           這兩個計劃在一個主要方面有所不同。

 

resolve    解決 ; 決議 ; 決定
        [Ex]  1. Have you resolved that difficult problem.
                 2. The prosecutor has resolved to make a further
                        investigation into the matter.
        [補充]  1. The problem has not yet been resolved.
                          此事尚未解決。
                     2. The letter resolved all our doubts.
                           這封信消除了我們的一切疑慮。
                     3. The Senate resolved to accept the President's budget proposals.
                             參議院通過決議接受總統的預算建議。
                     4. She resolved (that) she would never speak to him again.
                              她決心不再和他說話。
                     5. We resolved to visit Europe at least once a year.
                                   我們決定至少每年訪問歐洲一次。

 

rest    休息 ; 剩下的
        [Ex]  1. You must rest from long hours of work.
                 2. I will leave you the rest to take care of.
        [補充]  1. Rest yourself after a hard day's work.
                         經過一天辛勤的工作,你要休息一下。
                     2. The workers are resting in the shade.
                            工人都在蔭涼處休息。
                     3. The rest of the eggs have gone bad.
                               其餘的雞蛋都變質了。

 

retire    退休
        [Ex]  1. I retired from an EMS company last year.
                    ( EMS= Electronic Manufacturing Service )
        [補充]  1. The company retired him as soon as he reached sixty.
                               他一到六十歲公司就讓他退休了。
                     2. Mr. Weller retired last month and now lives at his ease.
                             韋勒先生上個月退休了,現在過著悠閒的生活。

 

return    回來 ; 報酬
        [Ex]  1. I just returned home yesterday from a business trip to Brazil.
                 2. We've got some pretty good ROI ( Return On Investment )
                               last year.
        [補充]  1. She did not return home till eleven o'clock.
                             她十一點鐘才回家。
                     2. Please return me the knife.
                               請把刀子還我。
                     3. He returned his handkerchief to his pocket.
                              他將手巾放回口袋。
                     4. The performance returned $2,000 over expenses.
                               這場演出除去開支還盈餘二千元。

 

reveal    流露 ; 顯示出
        [Ex]  1. The remarks revealed his biases. But that was freedom of speech.
        [補充]  1. Little by little he revealed his ambitions.
                           他漸漸地暴露出他的野心。
                     2. He revealed the secret by accident.
                              他不小心洩漏了這個祕密。
                     3. Further investigation revealed that he was guilty.
                              進一步偵查顯示他是有罪的。

 

ride    乘坐 ; 搭乘
        [Ex]  1. We will let things ride for a few days and see how the
                     situation develops.
                 2. I can give you a ride to your home.
        [補充]  1. He rode a bicycle along the road.
                             他沿路騎腳踏車。
                     2. The car rides smoothly.
                           這車乘起來很平穩。
                     3. My promotion rides on his being elected.
                            我的晉升有賴他是否當選。

 

rise    產生 ; 站起來 
        [Ex]  1. A strange idea rose to my mind.
                 2. People all rise when the judge comes into court.
        [補充]  1. The sun has not yet risen.
                             太陽還沒升起。
                     2. The population of the city has risen to five million.
                               該市人口已增加到五百萬。
                     3. He rose and left the room.
                           他站起身走出屋去。

 

rob    搶劫
        [Ex]  1. She was robbed of her purse in the street.
                   < 註 > purse -> 女用錢包 ; wallet -> 男用錢包
        [補充]  1. They robbed the jewelry store in broad daylight.
                          他們在光天化日之下搶劫了那家珠寶店。
                     2. He said he would not rob again.
                          他說他再也不搶劫了。

 

roll    滾動
        [Ex]  1. "A rolling stone gathers no moss" reminds us not to
                         change jobs from time to time.
                 2. The rolled out the red carpet for the President when he landed.
        [補充]  1. The ocean rolls its waves to the shore.
                                 海浪滾滾拍岸。
                     2. The coin rolled under the bed.
                             硬幣滾到床底下去了。
                     3. She rolled up her sleeves and began to prepare for supper.
                           她捲起袖子開始準備晚餐。
                     4. The cloth rolls easily.
                           此布易捲。

 

rotate    輪流
        [Ex]  1. Four seasons rotate during a year, spring, summer, autumn and
                               winter.
        [補充]  1. The seasons rotate.
                             四季循環。
                     2. The earth rotates around the sun.
                            地球繞太陽旋轉。
                     3. The earth rotates from west to east.
                              地球從西向東旋轉。
                     4.Farmers rotate crops in the fields.
                         農民在耕地上輪栽農作物。

 

rule    統治 ; 操控
        [Ex]  1. Don't let yourself be ruled by your emotions.
                 2. This decision does not rule out possible changes later on.
        [補充]  1. He can't rule his temper.
                          他不能控制脾氣。
                     2. The queen ruled her country for 20 years.
                             這位女王統治了她的國家二十年。
        [片語補充]    < rule out >
                               1. 排除
                                That idea can be completely ruled out.
                                   那種看法可以完全不必考慮。

 

run    跑
        [Ex]  1. He runs so fast that no one can catch up with him.
                 2. He likes music very much; appreciation of music
                               runs in his family.
        [補充]  1. He had to run to catch the bus.
                            他不得不跑過去趕搭公車。
                     2. He has learned to run farm machines.
                            他學會了開農場的機器。
        [片語補充]    <  run in his family  >  為一家人所共有
                                1. A gift for music runs in that family.
                                             那家人都有音樂天賦。
                                2. Red hair runs in his family.
                                     他家族的人頭髮都是紅色的。

 

rush    衝向 ; 急於
        [Ex]  1. The fans rushed upon the singer.
                 2. Don't rush! Take it easy boy !
        [補充]  1. He rushed in with good news.
                        他衝進來宣佈好消息。
                     2. Don't rush into the new project.
                         不要倉促實施那計劃。
                     3. Don't rush to a conclusion.
                           不要急於下結論。

 

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