完成" P " 開頭單字及例句 (下)


present    贈送 ; 提供 ; 禮物
        [Ex]  1. We presented a trophy to him in celebration of his promotion.
                 2. Here is a present for you.
        [補充]  1. They presented him with a bunch of flowers.
                            他們獻給他一束鮮花。
                     2. Some 300 papers were presented at the conference.
                           會上提出了大約三百篇論文。
                     3. He often gave his neighbor's kids little presents.
                            他常常送些小禮物給鄰居的孩子。

 

preserve    保留 ; 保養 ; 保護  ; 防腐[(+from)
        [Ex]  1. She is well preserved for her age.
        [補充]  1. He has always preserved his innocence.
                          他永保其天真無邪。
                     2. You can have strawberries in winter
                              if you preserve them in the summer.
                         如果你在夏天將草莓製成蜜餞,
                               冬天就有得吃了。
                     3. We have taken effective measures to preserve
                                   our natural resources.
                            我們已採取有效措施保護自然資源。
                     4. Oil preserves metal from rust.
                               油保護金屬,使免於生鏽。

 

press    按 ; 壓 ; 報刊(評論)
        [Ex]  1. Press the button to open the door.
                 2. He held a press conference yesterday to correct the wrong report.
        [補充]  1. Press this button to start the engine.
                               按此鈕發動引擎。
                     2. Many people pressed forward to shake hands with him.
                                  許多人擠向前和他握手。
                     3. Time presses and we must get back to work.
                            時間緊迫,我們得回去上班了。
                     4. The power of the press is very great.
                            新聞報刊的力量是極大的。
                     5. The government's new policy received a good press.
                                     政府的新政策受到新聞輿論的好評。

 

pretend    假裝 ; 掩飾
        [Ex]  1. I don't want to pretend that I am an expert in the
                                                electronics business.
        [補充]  1. He pretended that he was innocent.
                             他假裝無辜。
                     2. He pretended to be friendly with me.
                           他假裝對我友善。
                     3. She pretended that she was not in love with him.
                             她佯裝沒有愛上他。
                     4. She wasn't really crying; she was only pretending.
                              她並非真的在哭;她只是假裝而已。

 

prevent    防止 ; 阻礙
        [Ex]  1. I will come at 10 o'clock if nothing else prevents me.
        [補充]  1. His act prevented an accident.
                          他的舉動防上了一樁意外。
                     2. Vitamin C is supposed to prevent colds.
                            維他命C被認為能預防感冒。
        [片語補充]    < prevent from >  阻止;制止
                               1. Nothing can prevent him from going.
                                       什麼都不能阻止他前往。
                               2. Who prevents their plans from being carried out?
                                    誰阻止他們的計劃,不讓實施?
                               3. Of course I can't prevent your going.
                                     當然,我不能阻止你去。
                               4. Illness prevented him from going out.
                                  (=Illness prevented him [his] going out.)
                                       疾病使他無法外出

 

progress    進步 ; 前進 ; 進度
        [Ex]  1. The students progressed in speaking English.
                 2. An investigation into the cause of murder is in progress.
        [補充]  1. The building of the railroad is progressing.
                                     鐵路正在建造中。
                     2. The boy has progressed in his studies.
                               這男孩學習方面有進步。
        [片語補充]    < in progress >
                                1. 進展
                                 The building of the factory was in progress.
                                             工廠正在建造中。

 

promise    答應 ; 承諾 ; 保證
        [Ex]  1. I will be back home at or before 9 p.m. I promise.
                 2. You should keep your promise if you make one.
        [補充]  1. He promised me the book.
                          他答應給我這本書。
                     2. He promised to help us.
                           他答應要幫助我們。
                     3. I can't give you the book; I've promised it to Susan.
                             我不能把這本書給你;我已經答應給蘇珊了。
                     4. She promised to come.
                          (=She promised that she would come.)
                         她答應要來。
                     5. Give me your promise that you'll never be late again.
                                  答應我你絕不再遲到了。

 

propose    提議 ; 求婚
        [Ex]  1. Let's propose a toast to the chairman's health.
        [補充]  1. It was proposed we go to the station to meet our guests.
                         有人建議我們去車站接客人。
                     2. He proposed building a bridge across this river.
                          他建議在這條河上搭一座橋。
                     3. He proposed a get-together this weekend.
                           他建議本週末聚會。
                     4. He proposed a toast to both the bride and bridegroom.
                            他提議為新娘和新郎乾杯。
        [額外補充]   < toast > n. 祝酒;敬酒[C][(+to)
                              1. We all drank a toast to the bride and groom.
                                         我們大家向新娘新郎敬酒。
        [片語補充]    < propose to >
                              1. 向...求婚
                                  Tom proposed to Mary the other day.
                                     幾天前湯姆向瑪麗求婚了。

 

proposal    n. 建議 , 提議 ; 計劃 ; 提案
        [Ex]  1. Proposal is easier than performance.
                         建議容易實行難。
                 2. There is controversy about a proposal to
                       build a nuclear power station.
                       對於建議中的建設核電站一事存有爭議。

 

prove    證明
        [Ex]  1. If you can prove to me that it is true,
                            then I will accept it.
        [補充]  1. I'll prove to the world that he was right.
                          我將向世人證明他是對的。
                     2. The lawyer proved the innocence of his client.
                            律師證實了他的當事人的清白。
                     3.  I was told it was dangerous, and have now proved it.
                                我聽說那有危險,現在果然證明是真的。
                     4. He proved it (to be) true. (=He proved that it was true.)
                               他證明它是真的。 

 

provide    提供 ; 供應
        [Ex]  1. The hotel provides a shuttle bus to the airport every two hours.
        [補充]  1. On Sundays his landlady provided dinner as well as breakfast.
                              星期天,他的女房東不但供給早餐,還供給晚餐。
                     2. Somehow she managed to provide her children with food and clothing.
                              她總算設法使她的孩子有飯吃,有衣穿。
                     3. He provided the boys with necessary books.
                         (=He provided necessary books for the boys.)
                                他供給男孩們必要的書。

 

pull    拉
        [Ex]  1. Please pull your chair to the fireplace ; it should be warmer.
        [補充]  1. She pulled his sleeve to get his attention.
                             她拉他的袖子以引起他的注意。
                     2. A tiger can pull a roebuck to pieces in a matter of minutes.
                               一隻老虎可以在幾分鐘內把一隻雄鹿撕碎。
                     3. Why did you pull up these plants?
                              你為何把這些植物拔起來?
                     4.  He pulled, but could not draw it up.
                              他用力拉,卻拉不起來。 

 

punish    懲罰
        [Ex]  1. Drunken driving should be severely punished.
        [補充]  1. Motorists should be severely punished for speeding.
                            超速駕車的人應受嚴厲懲罰。
                     2. The teacher punished her students for cheating in the exam.
                                      老師處罰學生考試作弊。

 

push    推 ; 催促
        [Ex]  1. I pushed the engineers to finish the project quickly.
        [補充]  1. He pushed the door open.
                                     他推開門。
                     2.  They pushed their trade to still more distant parts.
                                 他們推廣業務到更遠的地方。
                     3. She pushed her son to pursue an academic career.
                                她督促兒子從事學術。

 

put    放置 ; 使....發生
        [Ex]  1. Heavy taxes are put on cigarettes and alcoholic drinks.
        [補充]  1. Where did you put the spanner?
                                  你把扳鉗放哪兒啦?
                     2. He put his textbooks on the table by the window.
                               他把課本放在窗邊的桌上。
                     3. He put an end to himself.
                               他結束了自己的生命。


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