完成 " P " 開頭單字及例句 (上)

pardon    原諒 ; 對不起
        [Ex]  1. I beg your pardon.
                 2. Pardon ? I don't quite follow you.
                       Will you say it again ?
        [補充]  < I beg your pardon./Beg your pardon. >
                       1. 請原諒(用於做了錯事道歉時)
                            You've just stepped on my foot! I beg your pardon.
                                    你剛才踩了我的腳!請原諒。
                       2. 對不起(用於沒聽清)
                            Have you finished reading the book? Beg your pardon?
                                      你看完那本書了嗎?對不起,你說什麼?

 

pass    經過 ; 通過
        [Ex]  1. In front of a private house there is a sign saying " No passing " .
        [補充]  1. We passed several stores before we came to the barber's.
                           我們走過幾家商店才到了理髮店。
                     2. Please pass me the salt.
                            請把鹽遞給我。
                     3. The bill was passed in 1908.
                            這項議案是一九○八年通過的。
                     4. You cannot pass. Stop where you are.
                             你不能過去。停在原處。
                     5. The ten days passed quickly.
                              這十天很快就過去了。

 

pay    支付 ; 付錢
        [Ex]  1. I'd like to buy a new dress. Who's going to pay for it ?
                 2. Should I pay you now ? Later will be fine.
        [補充]  1. She paid the money to me.
                           她將錢付給了我。
                     2. He didn't pay me anything.
                           他沒有付給我任何報酬。
                     3. I paid a very high price for the house.
                         我出了很高的價錢買下了這房子。
                     4. I'll pay by check.
                           我將用支票付款。

 

permit    允許 ; 許可
        [Ex]  1. Smokinfg is not permitted in this room.
                 2. I'd like to visit Tibet if time permits.
        [補充]  1. They permitted her to leave.
                           他們允許她離開。
                     2. I don't think they would permit this.
                             我想他們不會准許這事。
                     3. The weather did not permit the boat to land.
                              天氣不佳,此船不能靠岸。
                     4. These stores do not permit sales of alcoholic beverages.
                               這些商店不准出售含酒精飲料。
                     5. The law permits the sale of such drugs.
                             法令准許賣這些藥。
                     6. The situation permits of no delay.
                             此局面不容拖延。
                     7. I will write another novel if my eyes permit.
                          如果我的視力許可,我還要再寫一本小說。
                     8. We'll discuss both questions if time permits.
                           如果時間允許,我們將把兩個問題都討論一下。

 

persuade    說服
        [Ex]  1. You can't persuade me. I insist on doing that.
        [補充]  1. She persuaded me into buying it.
                             她說服我買下了它。
                     2. The salesman persuaded us to buy his product.
                             那個推銷員說服了我們買他的產品。
                     3. How can I persuade you of my sincerity?
                           我怎樣才能使你相信我的誠意呢?
                     4. We worked hard to persuade them that we were genuinely
                                             interested in the project.
                          我們想盡辦法以使他們相信我們確實對這一
                                                   計劃感興趣。

 

pick    撿起 ; 採擷
        [Ex]  1. We picked oranges all day in our backyard.
        [補充]  1. Will you pick some flowers for the dinner?
                              為晚宴採些花朵好嗎?
                     2. He picked her a rose.
                            他給她採了一朵玫瑰花。
                     3. Please pick a good book for me.
                             請為我挑一本好書。
                     4. I picked the best one that was on display.
                              我挑選了展示中最好的一個。

 

plan    計畫 ; 打算
        [Ex]  1. Do you plan on going anywhere for the long weekend ?
                 2. Have you got any plans for the vacation ?
        [補充]  1. She asked about the journey he had planned.
                             她問起他所籌劃的旅行。
                     2. They are planning a new campaign against corruption.
                            他們正在策劃一個新的反貪污運動。
                     3. We're planning to visit London this summer.
                            我們打算今年夏天走訪倫敦。
                     4. Do you plan to get married soon?
                             你打算很快結婚嗎?
                     5. They planned to climb Mt. Everest.
                          他們計畫攀登埃佛勒峰。
                     6. When do you plan on starting?
                           你打算何時出發?
                     7. They plan on coming at Christmas.
                              他們計劃耶誕節來。
        [片語補充]    <  plan on  >
                                1. 打算
                                 We are planning on visiting him next month.
                                   我們打算下個月去拜訪他。

 

plant    種植 ; 栽種 ; 工廠
        [Ex]  1. We planted a tree to commemorate All Souls Day on the 4th of April.
                 2. That company just built a brand-new plant in China recently.
        [補充]  1. We planted a lot of flowers in our garden.
                           我們在庭院裡種了很多花。
                     2. A good teacher plants the love of learning in students.
                          好老師循循善誘,在學生心中植下好學的好種子。

 

play    扮演 ; 演奏 ; 遊玩
        [Ex]  1. I used to play second fiddle in the organization.
                 2. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.
        [補充]  1.She played Ophelia.
                         她扮演奧菲利亞。
                     2. She played us a sonata.
                          她為我們演奏一首奏鳴曲。
                     3. Play us your favorite record.
                          請把你最喜歡的唱片放給我們聽聽。
                     4. Do you play basketball?
                             你打籃球嗎?
                     5. He plays golf nearly every weekend.
                           他差不多每個週末都打高爾夫球。
                     6. The children were playing doctors and nurses.
                               孩子們在玩醫生與護士的遊戲。
                     7. Children like to play.
                             孩子們喜歡玩。
                     8. The organ is playing.
                               風琴在奏鳴。
                     9. The ground does not seem to play well.
                               此地似不宜遊戲。
                   10. They were playing at baseball.
                             他們在打棒球。
                   11. The actress plays very well.
                            那女演員演得很好。
        [額外補充]    < play second fiddle >
                                1. 居次位
                                 I have to play second fiddle to him.
                                    我只好給他當副手。

 

please    請 ; 喜歡 ; 取悅
        [Ex]  1. Now you are free, you can do what you please.
                 2. Don't be shy, please.
        [補充]  1. The news pleased everybody.
                         這消息使大家深感快慰。
                     2. Your behavior pleased me very much.
                           你的行為使我很高興。
                     3. What pleases you best?
                           你最喜歡什麼?
                     4. She is always anxious to please.
                            她老是極力想討好人。
                     5. Go where you please.
                          你想去哪兒就去哪兒。
                     6. I shall do as I please.
                           我會隨心所欲。
                     7. We strive to please.
                          我們盡力使大家滿意。
                     8. "May I come in?" "Come in, please."
                            "我可以進來嗎?" "請進。"
                     9. Please sit down.
                           請坐下。

 

point    指 ; 尖 ; 點
        [Ex]  1. He pointed his finger at me.
                 2. His explanation was to the point.
        [補充]  1. It's rude to point your fingers at people.
                           用手指指人是很不禮貌的。
                     2. He pointed out that they were mistaken.
                            他指出他們錯了。
                     3. He pointed his gun at me.
                          他把槍口對準我。
                     4. They pointed her out as the famous singer.
                            他們指出她是有名的歌唱家。
                     5. He pointed at the book he wanted.
                             他指著他要的那一本書。
                     6. The hands of the clock now pointed to half past three.
                            這時鐘的指針指向三點半。

 

practice    練習
        [Ex]  1. She practices piano everyday.
                 2. Theory is useless without practice.
        [補充]  1. The young girl practices the violin every day.
                              這小女孩每天練習拉小提琴
                     2. We should practice economy even if we are rich.
                            即使我們富裕了也仍應該勵行節約。
                     3. I don't think you practice enough.
                             我認為你練習不夠。

 

praise    讚揚 ; 褒獎 ; 稱讚
        [Ex]  1. The girl was praised for her adroitness in playing the piano.
                 2. Women are easily cheered up by praise.
        [補充]  1. The publishers praised his novel pretty highly.
                             出版商們對他的小說評價甚高。
                     2. The mayor praised the boy for his courage.
                                 市長贊揚這個男孩很勇敢。
                     3. We praised him for his courage.
                               我們稱讚他的勇氣。

 

pray    祈禱 ; 祝福
        [Ex]  1. I prayed to God to give me peace of mind.
        [補充]  1. I prayed (to) God that I might succeed.
                             我求神保佑我成功。
                     2. They prayed that they would defeat their enemies soon.
                            他們祈禱很快打敗敵人。
                     3. The old farmer prays God's forgiveness.
                              那老農夫祈求神寬恕。
                     4. The citizens are praying that the war will cease soon.
                                     居民們祈禱戰爭快快結束。
                     5. The athletic meet is on Saturday, so we're praying for a fine day.
                           學校的運動會是星期六,所以我們虔心祈求好天氣。
                     6. They knelt down and prayed to God for help.
                             他們跪下,祈求上帝保佑。
                     7. She prayed for her son's success.
                                她祈求兒子的成功。
                     8. We're praying for a fine day.
                                    我們祈求好天氣。

 

prefer    偏好 ; 較喜歡 ; 寧願
        [Ex]  1. Would you like Chinese food or Japanese food ?
                        I perfer Chinese food.
        [補充]  1. I prefer the quiet countryside to the noisy cities.
                              我喜歡安靜的鄉村勝過喧鬧的城市。
                     2. I preferred the title of reporter.
                           我更喜歡記者這個頭銜。
                     3. So you prefer living abroad?
                           那麼你是寧願旅居海外囉?
                     4. At the moment, he preferred not to think about the future.
                            此時此刻,他寧願不去想未來的事情。

 

prepare    準備
        [Ex]  1. Be prepared for a rainy day.
                 2. I am well prepared for the fight.
        [補充]  1. They prepared themselves for the worst.
                             他們作了最壞的打算。
                     2. The committee has prepared their report.
                                委員會已備好報告書。
        [片語補充]    <  prepare for  >
                               1. 為...作準備
                                She has well prepared for the test.
                                    她對考試已有充分的準備。

 

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