完成 " L " 開頭單字及例句


lack    缺乏 ; 缺少 ; 不足
        [Ex]  1. The new plan lacks time and money to complete it on schedule.
        [補充]  1. I don't seem to lack anything.
                                我好像什麼也不缺。
                     2. We lacked food.
                         我們缺乏食物。

 

last    持久 ; 最後
        [Ex]  1. I just wonder how long the meeting will last.
                 2. Last but not least, I want to highlight one thing for you.
                 3. It is something like the last straw breaking the camel's back.
        [補充]   <  vi. >
                     1. 持續[Q]
                      How long will the meeting last?
                                 會議要開多久?
                      The storm lasted three days.
                                暴風雨持續三日之久。
                     2. 持久;保持良好狀態
                        These shoes will last.
                          這些鞋經久耐穿。
                        That coat will last if you take care of it.
                          假如你好好愛惜那外套,它會很耐穿。
                     3. 維持;夠用
                       Our water will not last long.
                         我們的水快要用完了。

                     < vt. >
                     1. 度過,拖過[(+out)]
                       He is very ill, and isn't expected to last the night.
                            他病得厲害,估計拖不過今夜。
                     2. 夠...之用
                       The food will last us a few more days.
                              食品夠我們再吃幾天。
                       This will last me a week.
                             這夠我用一個禮拜。

 

laugh    笑
        [Ex]  1. He who laughs last laughs best.
                     誰笑在最後,誰笑得最開心。
        [補充]  1. They laughed at their own failure.
                          他們對自己的失敗一笑置之。
                     2. The jokes made everyone laugh.
                          那些笑話使每個人都笑了起來。
                     3. The streamlet laughs in the sunshine.
                               小溪淙淙然於朝陽中。
                     4. My brother laughed at all I had suggested.
                              我的提議全被我哥哥嗤之以鼻。
                     5. The poor actor was laughed off the stage.
                              這可憐的演員被嘲笑聲趕下了舞臺。
                     6. They laughed her out of her ill temper.
                              他們笑得她消了火氣。

 

lay    躺下
        [Ex]  1. Our hens in the yard lay eggs almost everyday.
                 2. Don't lay the blame on me.
        [補充]  1. Please lay the packages on the table.
                                請把包裹放在桌上。
                     2. The black hen lays an egg a day.
                             那隻黑母雞每天生一個蛋。
                     3. He laid his failure to his lack of experience.
                                 他把失敗歸咎於缺乏經驗。
                     4. They laid the blame on him.
                         他們把事情都怪到他頭上來。
                     5. The wheat was laid flat by the wind and rain.
                                  風雨把小麥吹倒了。

 

leap    跳躍 ; 躍進
        [Ex]  1. My son likes to leap down from the bed.
                 2. The thief leaped the fence and escaped.
        [補充]  1. The fish leaped out of water and landed on the shore.
                                   魚躍出水面落到岸上。
                     2. He leaped the horse across the ditch.
                              他縱馬跳過溝渠。
                     3. He leaped a horse over a hedge.
                                他策馬躍過樹籬。

 

lead    引導 ; 導向
        [Ex]  1. There is a saying that say, " all roads lead to Rome."
        [補充]  1. She led me into the drawing-room.
                             她帶我進入客廳。
                     2. What led him to resign his office?
                            什麼事導致他辭職的?
                     3. They will let the young man lead the fight.
                            他們將讓這位年輕人領導這一仗。
                     4. You lead and we'll follow.
                              你領路,我們跟著。
                     5. That door leads into the garden.
                           那扇門通向花園。
                     6. A pipe leads water to the house.
                          一條水管把水接到屋子。
                     7. What led you to this conclusion?
                            什麼使你作這樣的結論?

 

learn    學習
        [Ex]  1. You'd better learn what to do in case of a fire.
        [補充]  1. The boy has learnt to read.
                             那男孩學會閱讀。
                     2. He has learnt a new skill.
                             他學會了一項新技能。
                     3. My brother is learning English now.
                             我的弟弟正在學英語。
                     4. I learn that he is going to resign.
                               我聽說他要辭職了。
                     5. I have learned all about it.
                           我已聽到關於那件事的一切。
                     6. I learned from his letter that he was in Spain.
                               我從他的信中得知他正在西班牙。
                     7. Why don't you learn from my mistakes?
                              你為何不從我的錯誤中吸取教訓呢?
                     8. I regret to learn of your illness.
                                聽說你生病,我很難過。

 

leave    留下 ; 離開
        [Ex]  1. He felt a terrific sense of freedom when he left the company.
                 2. How often do buses leave ? They leave every thirty minutes.
                 3. What about this waste bucket ? Leave it where you found it.
                 4. She is on leave today.
        [補充]  1. I've left my books in the classroom.
                             我把書遺留在教室裡了。
                     2. Mr. Smith left the room at two o'clock.
                               史密斯先生兩點離開房間。
                     3. Mary left school last year and she is working in a shop now.
                               瑪麗去年退了學,現正在一家商店工作。
                     4. He left Taipei two days ago.
                           他兩天前離開台北。
                     5. We will leave for London next week.
                            我們下週動身去倫敦。
                     6. I won't leave until tomorrow.
                             我明天才走。

 

lend    借
        [Ex]  1. Can you lend me $10,000 next week ?
                             I need it badly.
        [補充]  1. Could you lend me your dictionary?
                             你能把字典借給我嗎?
                     2. He used to lend money at an extremely high rate of interest.
                            他過去經常放高利貸。
                     3. I'll lend you the money. (=I'll lend the money to you.)
                              我會借錢給你。

 

let    讓 ; 允許
        [Ex]  1. I wanted to go out for a date, but my father would not let me go.
        [補充]  1. She would not let the child do it.
                          她不會讓孩子做這事的。
                     2. Her father will not let her go to the dance.
                             她父親不會讓她參加舞會。
                     3. Let you and me try now.
                             現在讓你我試試看。
                     4. Let each man decide for himself.
                             每一個人必須自己做決定。
                     5. Let him do what he likes, I don't care.
                            他愛做什麼就做什麼,我不在乎。
                     6. Please let us buy you a drink!
                             請讓我們請你喝一杯!

 

lick    舔
        [Ex]  1. No one likes her because she is fond of licking the president's boot.
        [補充]  1. The dog licks his master's hand.
                           犬舔其主人之手。
                     2. The cat licks milks.
                            貓舔食牛乳。
                     3. The first flickers of fire licked the dry timber.
                              第一個波的火捲燒了乾木材。
                     4. The flames are licking out of windows.
                            火舌正往窗戶外面竄。

 

lie    躺 ; 迎向
        [Ex]  1. The door of education lies open to all without race discrimination.
        [補充]  1. His hat and gloves were lying on the table.
                            他的帽子和手套都放在桌上。
                    2. He lay down for a rest.
                           他躺下休息一會。
                    3. The city lies before us.
                          城市展現在我們面前。

 

lie    撒謊
        [Ex]  1. He lied about his age.
                      他在年齡上撒了謊。
                 2. The witness lied to the jury.
                       證人對陪審團說謊。
                 3. He lied himself out of trouble.
                         他用欺騙手段擺脫了困境。

 

lighten    閃電 ; 減輕 ; 變亮
        [Ex]  1. To the best of my knowledge , lightning never strikes twice in the
                            same place.
                 2. Computers have lightened our workload a lot, but there are side
                            effects too.
                 3. I went to the hair salon and lightened my hair color.
        [補充]  1. The little girl is afraid of thunder and lightning.
                                 這小女孩害怕雷聲和閃電。
                     2. He lightened his bag by taking out some books.
                               他從包中取出幾本書以減輕重量。
                     3. Touches of humor lightened the lecture.
                                  幾分幽默使演講變得生動了。
                     4. Her heart lightened when she heard the news.
                            她聽到那消息,心情就變得愉快了。
                     5. When the storm ended the sky lightened.
                            暴風雨過去後,天空變得明亮了。
                     6. More lamps will lighten the gloomy room.
                           多幾個盞燈可以使這個黑暗的房間亮一點。

 

like    (動詞) 喜歡  ;  (介詞) 像
        [Ex]  1. Do you like your job ? Sometimes I hate it.
                 2. How do you like your coffee ? Black, please.
                        With suger and milk, please .
                 3. What would you like your steak done ? Rare, medium ,
                                  well-done, which one ?
                 4. What a nice home ! I'm glad you like it .
                 5. Which do you like better ? Neither. / Both. / This one.
                 6. Would you like another cup of lemonade ? No more, thank you.
                            / Yes, please.
                
                 7. They are like two peas in a pod.
                 8. My advice to him is just like water off a duck's back.
       
        [補充]  1. She likes playing the piano(playing tennis).
                            她喜歡彈鋼琴(打網球)。
                     2. He doesn't like tomatoes.
                           他不喜歡吃番茄。
                     3. I don't like his speaking like that.
                          我不喜歡他那樣說。
                     4. He would like you to make that trip.
                              他希望你走一趟。
                     5. I should like to go there.
                             我想去那裡。
                     6. You can do exactly as you like.
                            你愛怎麼做就怎麼做。

                     7. They are like brothers and sisters.
                            他們就像兄弟姐妹一樣。
                     8. Dick acts like a gentleman.
                            迪克的舉止如同紳士。
                     9. He does well in subjects like history and philosophy.
                                他在歷史和哲學這類課程上成績不錯。

 

listen    聽
        [Ex]  1. I already told you I don't want to listen.
                          Must you be so stubborn ?
        [補充]  1. She's listening to the radio.
                           她在聽廣播。
                     2. Each night after dinner we like to listen to the news.
                                每天晚飯之後我們都喜歡聽新聞。
                     3. Children should listen to their parents.
                                孩子應該聽父母親的話。
                     4. He never listens to what we say.
                         他從不把我們的話放上心上。
                     5. We may hear without listening, and we may listen without hearing.
                         我們可以聞而不聽,亦可聽而不聞。

 

live    生活 ; 生存
        [Ex]  1. She makes her living by working as a waitress at the restaurant.
        [補充]  1. Was he still living when the doctor arrived?
                                  大夫來時,他還活著嗎?
                    2. She lives about ten miles from my house.
                        她住在離我們的屋子大約十英里遠處。
                    3.  The family lived on relief.
                         這家人靠救濟生活。
                    4. I want to live, not just to exist.
                         我要享受生活,而不僅僅是活著
                    5. That young man lived a life of luxury.
                             那年輕人過著奢侈的生活。

 

look    眼看 ; 看起來
        [Ex]  1. I looked up prayerfully at the sky.
                 2. Why do you look so happy ?  Because I have a date today.
                 3. You look pale. What's wrong ? I have a headache.
        [補充]  1. If you look deeper, you'll see the difference between them.
                          如果你更留心一點,你就會看出它們之間的差別了。
                     2. She looks happy.
                         她看上去很幸福。
                     3. Please look what time the plane takes off.
                              請留心飛機起飛時間。
                     4. He said nothing, but looked his disappointment.
                           他什麼也沒有說,但眼神裡露出了失望。
                     5. They looked daggers at me.
                            他們怒目瞪著我。
                     6. He looked the boy up and down.
                           他從頭到腳打量這個男孩。
        [片語補充]    < look at >
                              1. What are you looking at?
                                     你在看什麼?
                              2. She looked at herself in the glass.
                                      她注視鏡中的自己。
                              3. Look at the map, please.
                                     請看這張地圖。

 

lose    失去 ; 丟掉
        [Ex]  1. You will have nothing to lose even if you fail.
                          So, do it bravely.
        [補充]  1. Carl's father lost his job last month.
                          卡爾的父親上個月失業了。
                     2. We lost a lot of money on that deal.
                          我們在那筆交易上虧損了許多錢。
                     3. She had to walk to the station and so lost her train.
                            她只能步行去車站,因而沒趕上火車。

 

love    愛
        [Ex]  1. Would you like to come to our party ? Yes, I'd love to.
                 2. Love is the most precious thing in the world.
        [補充]  1. Bill loves music.
                         比爾喜愛音樂。
                     2. He loves spending his vacation in the mountain.
                             他喜歡在山中度假。
                     3. She loves to go dancing.
                            她喜歡去跳舞。
                     4. She said she'd love to come sometime.
                             她說她很想找個時間來。

 

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