完成 " G " 開頭單字及例句

gain    獲得 ; 獲利
        [Ex]  1. Having a good nature will gain you many good friends.
                 2. There is nothing to be gained fighting for this issue.
        [補充]  1. Our army gained the battle.
                            我們的軍隊贏得了那場戰役。
                     2. He gained possession of more land.
                          他擁有了更多的土地。
                     3. We all gained from the experience.
                                我們都從這次經驗中獲益。

 

gather    聚集 ; 收拾
        [Ex]  1. Larry and Joe are always told to gather their toys
                                 together and put them in order.
        [補充]  1. He is gathering materials for a new book.
                            他正在收集資料準備寫一本新書。
                     2. The girl is gathering flowers.
                                 女孩在採花。
                     3. She gathered her books and went to school.
                                     她收拾好書本去上學。
                     4. A crowd gathered at the scene of the accident.
                                    出事地點聚集了一群人。
                     5. I saw a crowd of people gathered before the window.
                                   我看見人群聚集窗前。

 

get    得到 ; 造成 ; ( 很常用之助動詞 )
        [Ex]  1. Excuse me. May I get through, please ? Certainly.
                 2. By the way, how did you get to know each other ?
                 3. get out of my way !
                 4. I got the job. Well done !
                 5. It's getting rather late. I must be going now.
                 6. My whole family gets up early.
                 7. My air conditioner has got out of order.
                 8. What grade did you get on the English test ?
                               I got an 80 on it .
        [補充]  1. He got first prize in the listening contest.
                                 他得到聽力比賽第一名。
                     2. I didn't get any answer from him.
                              我沒有收到他的回信。
                     3. He finally got the answer to the algebra problem.
                                       他終於算出了這道代數題的答案。
                     4. Everyone in our room got flu.
                            我們房間裡的所有人都患了流行性感冒。
                     5. It's getting cold.
                            天氣變冷。
                     6. We'd better get going.
                         我們最好現在就走。
        [片語補充]    < get ahead >
                               1. 進步
                                  I've got ahead with my work.
                                          我的工作有進展。
                               2. 領先
                                  Tom has got ahead of all the other boys in the class.
                                               湯姆優於班上其他的孩子。
                               3. 獲得成功
                                   He was talking about the way to get ahead in business.
                                                 他正在談如何成功地推展業務。

                               < get in >
                               1. 到達
                                  The plane got in on time.
                                           飛機準時到達。
                               2. 收穫
                                  The farmers are getting the crops in.
                                         農人在收割農作物。
                               3. 請...來
                                  We must get the doctor in.
                                                 我們得請醫生來。

                                <  get into >
                               1. (使)穿上
                                   I can't get into these shoes.
                                        這雙鞋我穿不上。
                               2. (使)陷入
                                  He got into debt.
                                       他欠下債務。
                               3. 學會
                                  I'll soon get into the way of things.
                                       我不久就會學會處理事務的方法。

                                < get on >
                               1. 進展
                                  Everything was getting on very well.
                                          一切進行得很順利。
                               2. 出人頭地
                                 He's sure to get on in the world.
                                           他一定會出人頭地。

                               < get out of >
                               1. 逃避
                                I couldn't get out of going to that wedding.
                                         我不能逃避出席婚禮。
                               2. 棄絕
                                He got out of the bad habit.
                                     他改掉了這個壞習慣。
                              3. 使說出
                                The police got the truth out of him.
                                       警察迫使他說出真相。

 

give    給予
        [Ex]  1. Give me a hand please. I need your help.
        [補充]  1. What can I give you for you birthday?
                            你生日我要送你什麼呢?
                     2. He gave liberally to charitable institutions.
                                    他對慈善機關慷慨捐輸。

 

go    去 ; ( 很常用之助動詞 )
        [Ex]  1. Can I use your telephone ? Sure, go ahead.
                 2. How about going to the movies tomorrow ? That's great !
                 3. I'm just going to Disneyland in Hong Kong. Have a good time.
                 4. Let's go out for coffee. Yes, let's go.
                 5. My son has gone wrong. He needs some guidance.
                 6. What time do you usually go to bed? At ten p.m.
                 7. Where are you going to stay ? At my uncle's place.
                 8. It has gone with the wind.
        [片語補充]    < go against >
                              1. 違背
                               She went against her father.
                                           她違背她父親。
                              2. 不利於
                              The war is going against us.
                                     戰爭的局勢正對我們不利

                              < go ahead >
                              1. 先走
                                You go ahead and I am coming.
                                           你先走一步,我就來。
                              2. 取得進展
                                He's going ahead fast.
                                           他進展很快。

                              < go back >
                              1. 回去
                                Let's go back home now.
                                      咱們現在回家吧。
                              2. 追溯
                                His family goes back to the 18th century.
                                              他的家族可追溯至十八世紀。

                              < go down >
                              1. 落下
                                He got home before the sun went down.
                                                    太陽下山前他到了家。
                              2. 下降
                               The price of eggs has gone down.
                                               蛋價下降了。

                              < go on >
                              1. 繼續下去
                                If he goes on like this he'll lose his job.
                                   如果他繼續這樣下去,他會丟掉差事的。
                              2. (時間)過去
                               As the months went on, he became impatient.
                                  一個又一個月過去,他逐漸變得不耐煩了。
                              3. 發生
                               What's going on here?
                                   這兒發生什麼事啦?

                             < go out >
                             1. 外出
                              She's gone out for a walk.
                                    她外出散步了。
                             2. 熄滅
                              His cigarette has gone out.
                                  他的香煙滅了。
                             3. 過時
                              This method went out long ago.
                                   這種方法早就過時了。
                             4. 過完
                              The year went out slowly.
                                   這一年慢慢過去了。

                             < go round/around >
                            1. 四處走動
                                He went around alone.
                                   他獨自走來走去。
                            2. 探望
                               I'm going round to my mother's at the weekend.
                                      週末我要去看望我母親。
                         
                             < go up >
                            1. 上升
                              Prices have gone up again.
                                      物價又上漲了。
                            2. 被建造起來
                              New factories are going up everywhere.
                                     到處在興建新工廠。

                            < go with >
                           1. 伴隨
                             Happiness doesn't necessarily go with money.
                                      幸福未必伴隨金錢而來。
                           2. 與...相配
                             Do you think this hat would go with my new dress?
                                     你覺得這帽子和我的新衣服相配嗎?

 

grow    成長 ; 長大
        [Ex]  1. When you grow older you will realize that.
                 2. I grow tomatoes in my greenhouse.
        [補充]  1. She has grown into a beautiful young lady.
                                她長成一位年輕漂亮的女子。
                     2. Moss grows in damp places.
                                  苔生於濕地。
                     3. We grow flowers and vegetables in our garden.
                                  我們在庭園裡種植鮮花和蔬菜。
                     4. The plateau grows Indian corn.
                             此高地可種植玉蜀黍。
        [片語補充]    < grow up >
                              1. 成長
                               The boys grew up.
                                 孩子們長大了。
                              2. 逐漸形成
                               A warm friendship grew up between the two men.
                                     兩人之間逐漸產生了友情。

 

guarantee    保證
        [Ex]  1. I can't guarantee that shipment will be ready by this coming Friday.
        [補充]  1. Perfect satisfaction is guaranteed to our customers.
                                           保證我們的顧客完全滿意。
                     2. The policy guarantees us against all loss.
                                  這種保險契約保障我們免受任何損失。

 

guard    保護 ; 保衛
        [Ex]  1. There are four noght watchmen guarding the factory all year round.
        [補充]  1. A helmet guards your head against/from injuries.
                                   頭盔可以保護你的頭部免受傷害。
                     2. A dog guarded his house.
                           一隻狗守衛著他的房子。
                     3. The shepherd guards his flock.
                             牧羊人看守羊群。
                     4. You should wash your hands before eating, to guard against disease.
                             你飯前應洗手,以防生病。
                     5. We must guard against errors.
                                我們必須謹防發生錯誤。

 

guess    猜測
        [Ex]  1. Which is the older of the two ? Guess which ?
        [補充]  1. Can you guess the height of the tree?
                            你能猜出這樹的高度嗎?
                     2. I can guess what will happen next.
                             我能推測出接著會發生什麼事。
                     3. We can only guess at the result.
                                  我們只能猜測結果。
                     4. If you don't know the answer, guess at it.
                                假如你不知道答案,猜猜看。
        [片語補充]    < by guess >
                     1. 憑猜測
                         Don't answer by guess.
                                  別瞎猜答案。

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