" D " 開頭單字及例句

 

 

 


damage    損壞 ; 損害
        [Ex]  1. What damage did the crash do to your car ?  The
                                   bumper was badly damaged.
        [補充]  1. A torrent of rain came down and damaged the crops.
                                                 大雨傾盆而下,損害了農作物。

 

dare    敢於 ; 勇於
        [Ex]  1. You wouldn't dara !
                  2. He lacked the daring to date her.
        [補充]      < v.aux. >  敢;竟敢
                         1. How dare you ask me such a question?
                                              你怎敢問我這樣的問題?
                         2.My younger sister dare not go out alone.
                                                      我妹妹不敢單獨出去。
                         < vt. >  敢;膽敢[+to-v] / 敢於面對,敢冒(險)
                         1. He did not dare to leave his car there.
                                           他不敢把車停放在那裡。
                         2. She dared the anger of her father.
                                         她不怕惹她父親發火。

 

deal    交易 ; 交往
        [Ex]  1. He is a difficult person to deal  with.
                  2. We deal directly with the manufacturer.
        [補充]  1. The Red Cross dealt out food to hungry villagers.
                                           紅十字會把食品分發給飢餓的村民
                     2. They deal directly with the farmers.
                                          他們與農人直接交易。
                     3. I know how to deal with them.
                                          我知道怎樣對待他們。

 

decrease    減少
        [Ex]  1. The members of our club decreased by one half.
                 2. Travel by tour bus has been on the decrease.
        [補充]  1. Car sales are decreasing.
                                 汽車銷售量下跌。
                     2.These measures will help decrease the cost of production.
                                                     這些措施有助於降低生產成本。
                     3.They are making every effort to decrease the production cost.
                                                            他們正盡力減少生產成本。

 

decide    決定
        [Ex]  1. Should I go or shouldn't I ? It's for you to decide.
        [補充]  1. They decided that John must stay there.
                                      他們決定約翰必須留在那裡。
                    2. She decided to live in London.
                                         她決定住在倫敦。
                    3. It's difficult to decide between the two candidates.
                                      在這兩個候選人中作出選擇是困難的。
                    4. As to where to go, they haven't decided yet.
                                           至於去哪裡,他們還沒有決定。

 

defeat    擊敗
        [Ex]  1. Our plans were unfortunately defeated.
                 2. The army was defeated in the battle.
        [補充]  1. The troops defending the fort defeated the attacking enemy.
                                                       防衛城堡的軍隊擊退了進攻的敵人。
                    2. I have tried to understand your idea, but I am afraid it has defeated me.
                                                  我已經試著去了解你的想法,但恐怕我失敗了。

 

define    定義 ; 界定
        [Ex]  1.The specifications for this product were defined together
                                    with our customer.
        [補充]  1. We may define a cat as a small domesticated fur-covered animal.
                                          貓可定義為一種全身長毛的馴養小動物。

 

delay    延遲 ; 拖延 ; 耽擱
        [Ex]  1. The plane was delayed by a storm.
                 2. Make sure the following shipments are on schedule;
                                   don't delay any more.
        [補充]  1. The accident delayed the train for two hours.
                                             事故使火車耽擱了兩小時。
                     2. I'm sorry that I've delayed so long.
                                           我很抱歉拖了這麼久。

 

demand    需求 ; 要求
        [Ex]  1. Perhaps, people can live happier by giving more and demanding less.
                 2. The market price is usually decided by the status of supply and demand.
        [補充]  1. The boss demanded that Mary (should) finish it within a week.
                                                           老板要求瑪麗在一週內完成它。
                     2. They demanded the right to vote.
                                            他們要求選舉權。
                     3. She demanded to see the headmaster.
                                              她請求見校長。

 

deny    否認 ; 否決
        [Ex]  1. The demand for a wage increase was denied to the workers.
        [補充]  1. I do not deny that is a serious blow.
                                 我不否認那是嚴重的一擊。
                     2. He denied having seen these watches before.
                                                 他否認曾經見過這些手錶。
                     3. She denied the story to be true.
                             (=She denied that the story was true.)
                                                      她否定了那故事的真實性。
                     4.He denied ever having seen it.
                            (=He denied that he had ever seen it.)
                                                    他否認曾看過它。

 

depend      依賴 ; 依靠 ; 視情況而定
        [Ex]  1. He depended on his uncle for his school expenses.
                 2. Will you go to the birthday party ? Well , it depends.
        [補充]  1. I knew he wasn't to be depended upon.
                                               我知道他不可信賴。
                     2. Health depends on good food, fresh air and enough sleep.
                                健康依靠的是良好的食物,新鮮的空氣和充足的睡眠。
                     3. It depends on the weather.
                                         這取決於天氣。
                     4. The price depends on the quality.
                                                價格取決於品質。
        [片語補充]    < depend on/upon >
                               1. 依靠;信賴
                                   You can depend on him.
                                               你可以信賴他。
                              < it/that all depends >
                              1. 要看情況而定
                                  We may go there, but it all depends.
                                           我們可能去,但要看情況而定。

 

describe    描述 ; 說明 ; 形容
        [Ex]  1. Can you describe the man you saw in the supermarket yesterday?
                 2. Words can not describe her beauty.
        [補充]  1. Words cannot describe the beauty of the scene.
                                                 語言難以描述那景色之美麗。
                     2. He described in detail how the accident happened.
                                      他詳細地敘述了事故是怎樣發生的。
        [額外片語]    < in detail >
                               1.Would you please explain the theme in detail?
                                                  您是否能詳細地說明一下主題?
                               2. There isn't time to explain in detail.
                                                         沒有時間詳細解釋。
                            [用法︰]
                              in detail 表示詳細地, 相當於一個副詞, 在句中作修飾語。

 

desire    心想 ; 意欲
        [Ex]   1. Everybody desires to live a better life.
        [補充]  1. He desired us to leave soon.
                               他希望我們儘快離開。
                    2.She desired to marry a rich man.
                                        她很想嫁個富翁。

 

destroy    破壞 ; 摧毀
        [Ex]  1. The building was destroyed in the earthquake of Sept. 21, 1999.
        [補充]  1. A fire destroyed the house.
                             一場火毀壞了那座房屋。

 

detect    偵測 ; 偵察
        [Ex]  1. The burglars were detected breaking into the bank.
        [補充]  1. He soon detected the faulty valve.
                                  他很快查到了出毛病的閥門。

 

determine    決定
        [Ex]  1. Have you determined whom you will invite to the weekend party ?
        [補充]  1. She determined to go that very afternoon.
                                                 她決定就在那天下午走。
                    2.They have determined where the new school will be built.
                                         他們已確定這所新的學校將建造在什麼地方。

 

die    死亡
        [Ex]  1. I'm dying for a cigarette ! We can't smoke here. Forget it.
        [補充]  1. Her husband died in the war.
                                 她的丈夫死於戰時。
        [片語補充]    < be dying for >
                               1. 渴望
                                She was dying for a drink.
                                               她口渴得要命。

 

differ    差別 ; 不同
        [Ex]  1. Fingerprints differ with each individual.
        [補充]  1. The two things differ greatly.
                                   這兩件事大不相同。
                     2. French differs from English in having gender for all nouns.
                                    法文所有的名詞都有陰陽性別,與英文不同。
        [片語補充]    < differ from >
                              1. 與...不同
                                   Chinese differs greatly from English in spelling.
                                                       漢語和英語在拼寫上大不相同。
                              2. 與...意見不一
                                  We differ from them on the issue.
                                                     我們在這個問題上與他們意見不一。
                              < differ with >
                              1. 與...意見不一
                                  I differ with her on the matter.
                                                在這件事上我與她意見不一。

 

dig    挖掘 ; 翻找
        [Ex]  1. I dig about in my pockets for the lighter, but could not find it.
        [補充]  1. They are digging a tunnel through the hill.
                              他們正在挖一條貫通這座山的隧道。
                     2. This animal can dig faster than any cat or dog.
                                         這動物挖洞比任何貓或狗都快。
                     3. I dig in the vegetable garden with a spade.
                                           我們鏟子在菜園裡翻土。
                     4. Can you dig the material out of the archives?
                                            你能不能從檔案中找出資料?
        [片語補充]    < dig out >
                               1. 發掘到
                                They had dug out an ancient tomb.
                                            他們已發掘到一座古墓。
                               2. 發現;找出
                                   We are expecting to dig out some important facts.
                                                     我們希望能找出一些重要的事實。

 

direct    指引
        [Ex]  1. Will you please direct me to the railway station.
        [補充]  1. Can you direct me to the post office?
                                    你能告訴我怎麼去郵局嗎?
                     2. Who directed the orchestra at yesterday's concert?
                                            昨天音樂會的管弦樂隊由誰指揮?

 

disagree    異議 ; 不贊同
        [Ex]  1. A damp climate disagree with rheumatism.
                 2. You are always disagreeing with your boss.
        [補充]  1. Our answers to the problem disagreed.
                                  我們對這個問題的回答不一致。
                     2. The two neighbors disagreed bitterly about their boundary line.
                                                  這兩個鄰居在住房界線問題上劇烈爭吵。
                     3.Bill and I often disagree but were good friends.
                                  比爾和我常爭論,但我們仍是好朋友。
        [片語補充]    < disagree with >
                              1. 與...意見不一
                                  We disagree with them on the point.
                                                 我們在這一點上與他們意見不一。
                              2. 與...不一致
                                  Her conduct disagrees with her words.
                                                                 她言行不一。
                             3. 不適合
                                        The damp climate here disagrees with my mother.
                                                               這兒潮濕的氣候不適合我母親。

 

disappoint    失望 ; 沮喪
        [Ex]  1. His illness disappoint all his hopes.
        [補充]  1. He was disappointed that other guests were not coming.
                                                     其他客人沒有來,他感到失望。
                     2. I'm afraid you're very disappointed with me.
                                               恐怕你對我是非常失望的。
                     3. This disappointed his plans.
                                  這件事打亂了他的計劃。
                     4. If they rely on him, he will be sure to disappoint them.
                                                   如果要靠他,他們一定失望。
                     5. She was disappointed at hearing (=to hear) the news.
                                                             聽到那消息她很失望。

 

discover    發現
        [Ex]  1. he has discovered a new scientific law.
                 2. When I opened the safe, I discovered that it was empty.
        [補充]  1. Who first discovered America?
                                     誰最早發現美洲大陸?
                    2. Columbus discovered America in 1492.
                                  哥倫布於1492年發現美洲新大陸。
                    3. The lost bike was discovered at the bus stop.
                                          丟了的腳踏車在公車站找到了。

 

disturb    打擾
        [Ex]  1. Joseph disturbed his mother while she was working in the kitchen.
                 2. Do not disturb !
        [補充]  1. I'm sorry to disturb you so early.
                                對不起,我這麼早打擾你。
                    2. She will be angry if you disturb her while she is sleeping.
                                           如果你在她睡覺的時候吵她,她會生氣的。

 

discuss    討論
        [Ex]   1. I discussed my plan at length with my wife.
        [補充]  1. They discussed how to promote cooperation between the two countries.
                                                                   他們討論如何促進兩國間的合作。
                     2. Mr. Wood refused to discuss the matter.
                                              伍德先生拒絕討論這件事。

 

divide    分歧 ; 分裂
        [Ex]  1. The congress is divided in opinion.
        [補充]  1. The teacher divided our class into four groups.
                                         老師把我們班分成四個小組。
                     2. We shall not let such a small matter divide us.
                               我們決不會讓這麼一個小問題分裂我們。
                     3. The Board of Directors divided on the new project.
                                                董事會對這個新計劃意見分歧。
                     4. The ocean divides the two continents.
                                                       大洋隔開兩大陸。

 

do    做事 ; 可行 ; 使用
        [Ex]  1. What should I do with these chopsticks ? Like this.
                 2. Let's have a break. Yes , let's do.
                 3. This chair would do, wouldn't it ? It would do for the time being.
                 4. Will this do ? It looks lovely , my dear.
        [補充]  1. I have done a lot of work.
                               我做了許多工作。
                     2. This apartment will do us very nicely.
                                     這套公寓房對我們很合適。
                     3. Do as you are required.
                                   按要求去做。
                     4. Will tomorrow do for the meeting?
                                                 明天開會行嗎?
                     5. No, this color won't do; it's too dull.
                                       不,這顏色不行,太暗淡了。
                     6. They were pretty well done by the time we got in.
                                      我們進來時,這些工作己完成了大半。
                     7. You'd better get used to doing as you're told.
                                     你最好能習慣照人家的吩咐去做。
                     8. If no better plan can be found, he will make this do.
                                         如果沒更好的計劃,他將採用這項。

 

doubt    懷疑
        [Ex]  1. I have no doubt that he is innocent.
                 2. Do you still doubt despite what you have seen ?
        [補充]  1. I do not doubt that he will succeed.
                                                 我肯定他會成功。
                     2. They doubted of the feasibility of the project.
                                他們對這個計劃的可行性表示懷疑。
                     3. They have never doubted of success.
                                         他們對於成功從未置疑。
                     4. I doubt the wisdom of this course.
                                  我擔心這步驟是不智之舉。
                     5. Can you doubt that she will win?
                                     你能懷疑她會贏不了嗎?

 

draw    抽取 ; 汲取 ; 開支票
        [Ex]  1. Mary drew a house on the paper.
                          瑪麗在紙上畫了一棟房子。
                 2. The cart was drawn by two horses.
                                     大車由兩匹馬拉著。
                 3.How many horses will draw the royal coach?
                                        皇家大馬車將用幾匹馬拉?
                 4. He drew the cork from the bottle.
                                他把瓶口的軟木塞拔了出來。
                 5. I'll draw some money from my account.
                                           我要提取一些存款。
                 6. He drew $10 from his deposit.
                                        他從其存款內提出10美元。

 

dream    夢 ; 理想
        [Ex]  1. Think of me in your dreams when I am away from home.
        [補充]  1. She dreamed that she could fly.
                                           她夢見她會飛。
                    2. Annie dreamed an extraordinary dream last night.
                                           安妮昨晚做了個奇特的夢。
                    3. He dreamed of becoming a movie star when he was young.
                                                       他年輕時嚮往著成為電影明星。
        [片語補充]    < dream of/about >
                               1. 夢見
                                I dreamt of seeing her last night.
                                                       我昨晚夢見了她。
                               2. 夢想;渴望
                                Many boys dream of becoming pilots.
                                             許多男孩夢想成為飛行員。

 

drink    喝 ; 飲 ; 飲料
        [Ex]  1. Don't drink and drive ! It is quite dangerous.
                 2. Let's talk over a drink at a pub nearby.
        [補充]  1. A horse is drinking water in the stream.
                                                         馬在溪中飲水。
                     2. You shouldn't drink and drive.
                                       你不應該喝酒開車。
                     3. I drink a glass of milk with every meal.
                                         每餐我都喝一杯牛奶。

 

drive    駕駛 ; 開車 ; 驅使
        [Ex]  1. Our boss is always driving us hard.
                 2. I drove around the United States during the years I stayed there.
        [補充]  1. I don't know how to drive a carriage.
                                                          我不會駕馬車。
                     2. It is dangerous to drive after drinking.
                                                      酒後開車危險。   
                     3. He drove the sheep up the hill.
                                        他把羊群往山上趕。
                     4. Failure drove him to desperation.
                                          失敗使他鋌而走險。
                     5. The cows were driven into the barn.
                                                 牛被趕入穀倉裡。

 

drop    掉落 ; 出局
        [Ex]  1. Let's drop the subject ; we won't reach any agreement.
                 2. After the scandal he sadly dropped out of politics.
        [補充]  1. She dropped some lemon juice into her tea.
                                            她在茶裡滴了幾滴檸檬汁。
                     2. I dropped the letter into the mail-box.
                                            我將信投入信箱。
                     3. He's been dropped from the boxing team.
                                               他已被拳擊隊除名。
                     4. A flower pot dropped from his balcony.
                                      一個花盆從他家陽臺落下。
                     5.The temperature has dropped drastically.
                                                        氣溫已大大下降。
        [片語補充]    <  drop out >
                               1. One of my teeth has dropped out.
                                                   我的一隻牙齒掉了。
                               2. 退出(學校等)
                                  She dropped out of school to become a waitress.
                                                                她退學去當女侍應生。
                                  Luckily, I dropped out before the deal turned sour.
                                                         很幸運的,在交易變壞前我已退出了。

 

drown    溺水
        [Ex]  1. That little kid drowned in the river.
                 2. A drowning man will grasp at a straw.
        [補充]  1. She fell overboard and was drowned.
                                    她從船上掉入水中淹死了。
                     2. How many drowned when the boat capsized?
                                       船翻覆時,有多少人淹溺?
                     3. A sinking man drowns the person who comes to rescue.
                                                               沈水的人使救援者溺死。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

james1net 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(1) 人氣()


留言列表 (1)

發表留言
  • 大考中
  • 謝謝分享,贊哦!